Jersey Brief History

Jersey. It’s an island that wears the hints of its vivid past, an island that is assumed numerous parts from a vital Viking fortress to an important island station, battled for by the English and French, and in addition being possessed by German powers amid World War II.

250,000 BC Paleolithic give in living seeker gatherers were Jersey’s soonest occupants.

6000 BC Jersey turns into an island in the wake of part from the Normandy landmass.

4000 BC During the Neolithic time frame, networks settle and make their home in Jersey, the island’s numerous standing stones and internment chambers (counting La Hougue Bie) date from these circumstances.

555 AD The recluse St Helier who gives Jersey’s capital its name and who lived on a little rough islet close Elizabeth Castle is killed by marauders.

800 During the ninth century, Vikings ravaged the island, giving Jersey its name and as it were.

933 Jersey turns out to be a piece of the Duchy of Normandy as William Longsword wins the Channel Islands.

1066 The Channel Islands turn out to be a piece of the Anglo-Norman domain when William the Conqueror crushed King Harold and won the English crown at the Battle of Hastings.

1204 Jersey was controlled by Normandy for almost three centuries until the point when islanders vowed steadfastness to King John. That choice set off a unique association with the English crown, which proceeds right up ’til the present time.

1337 The Hundred Year War amongst England and France starts. Near the French territory and filling in as a first line of resistance, the island was intensely braced. Mont Orgueil Castle was worked to monitor the island’s east drift.

1461 – 1468 During the War of the Roses, the French seized Mont Orgueil Castle and managed Jersey for a long time.

1500 During the sixteenth century, Jersey’s creation of knitwear achieved such a scale, to the point that laws were passed confining who could weave, and when.

1590 Work begins on Elizabeth Castle, worked to protect St Aubin’s Bay and named after the Queen by Sir Walter Raleigh.

1600s Many islanders were included with Newfoundland fisheries amid this time and would set sail for the Newfoundland cod fisheries in February/March, just returning in the fall.

1650-51 During the English Civil War, King Charles II twice took asylum in Jersey before the island was caught by the Parliamentarian armed force in 1651. Afterward, New Jersey is named after Jersey following an endowment of land from the King to the island’s senator in acknowledgment of his security.

1781 In the Battle of Jersey, a French attacking gathering endeavored to assume control over the island, catching St Helier in a first light assault. They were crushed by an armed force drove by Major Peirson, who lost his life in the assault. A progression of Martello towers were worked around the island as resistances against additionally assaults.

1852 The author Victor Hugo is banished in Jersey, putting in three years here.

1902 Jersey’s first Battle of Flowers was held to commend the crowning ceremony of King Edward VII.

1912 In the beginning of flying, the world’s first International Air Race saw planes fly from St Malo to Jersey and back.

1940-1945 The Channel Islands were the main piece of Britain to be involved by German powers. The five-year occupation arrived at an end on 9 May 1945 – Liberation Day, an occasion still celebrated in Jersey with a yearly Bank Holiday. Discover more at Jersey War Tunnels.